Monday, May 28, 2018


Monday of the Eighth Week in Ordinary Time (Memorial Day)

(I Peter 1:3-9; Mark 10:17-27)

Today the United States celebrates Memorial Day.  For generations Americans have isolated a day at the end of May to pray for their war dead.  These primarily include young men who died in wars fought to defend their country.  Because they were young, they tended to rashly follow their hearts’ desires.  The prayer is that God will forgive them any sins and reward them for serving their country.  In this way they too will partake of the rich inheritance promised in today’s reading from I Peter.

The Letter of Peter is written for Christians who suffer persecution.  The suffering may stem from friends whose corrupt pleasures the disciples of Christ no longer share.  Or it may come from authorities who cannot tolerate their abandoning the ancient gods.  The letter exhorts those Christians to carry on the struggle.  It holds up as a reward the prize of heaven.  It also suggests as an even more basic reason to resist temptation in their relationship with Jesus.  He will one day be revealed as savior of the whole world.

As well as our war dead we should pray today for those who are being persecuted for their faith.  Whether they are Christians in Pakistan, Muslims in Myanmar, or Baha’is in Iran, we pray that they will realize the promise of Jesus Christ.  Having tried, as they did, to serve others, we pray that God will welcome them into eternal life.

Friday, May 25, 2018


Friday of the Seventh Week in Ordinary Time

(James 5:9-12; Mark 10:1-12)

Before epoxy glues were sold commercially, scientists would demonstrate their strength to students.  They took two pieces of chain with plugs at the end and fastened them together with the epoxy.  Then they asked two husky boys to pull on either side of the chain.  Meanwhile, they put a safety cord connecting both sides in case the chain should give.  Of course, the boys could not pull the cemented chains apart.  The epoxy glue held the two sides together as if they were always one.  In today’s gospel Jesus is saying that marriage has a comparable solidity.

The permanence of marriage evidently has always been at issue.  When Moses saw the problem of troubled marriages, he wrote a provision for divorce into the Law.  However, Jesus will not accept Moses’ allowance as the Creator’s intention.  He forbids divorce as against the design of matrimony.  He uses strong language to defend his position.  Those who divorce to marry another person commit adultery.

Divorce continues to plague society and, therefore, the Church.  Recently some bishops have tried to allow for some exceptions to Jesus’ rule.  However, Pope Francis has concluded that Jesus’ prohibition remains intact.  True, he has facilitated matrimonial annulments.  But in line with the synod called to consider the question, Francis supports the gospel tradition.

Thursday, May 24, 2018


Thursday of the Seventh Week in Ordinary Time

(James 5:1-6; Mark 9:41-50)

George Orwell wrote Animal Farm as an allegory to critique Soviet Communism.  He used farm animals to indicate different types of people who revolt against a delinquent farmer.  At the beginning of his story the pigs ardently organize the other animals. They claim that with a change of regime all will be treated equally.  When the revolution succeeds, however, one of the pigs connives for leadership.  He systematically eliminates rivals and acts more tyrannically than the farmer. Today’s rather difficult gospel should be read as providing a similar lesson.

Jesus is teaching his disciples about their future proclamation of the gospel.  He tells them that they can expect some relief - such as a cup of water - in their efforts.  He warns them, however, that they should never exploit others.  He emphasizes that if they lead others from virtue, they will be punished like the worst of criminals.  Jesus is aware of the tendency of initial ideals being corrupted with the acquisition of power.  This is what happened in Orwell’s allegory and sometimes, sadly, even in Church leadership. 

In his parable Jesus uses salt in a novel way.  He sees it like the ideals which inspire people to work fervently in pursuit of their goals.  But the ideals may wane like salt may turn unsavory. Then like salt becomes useless except to melt the snow, ideals become empty words. 

Wednesday, May 23, 2018


Wednesday of the Seventh Week in Ordinary Time

(James 4:13-17; Mark 9:38-40)

A Catholic novelist recently wrote of her conversion experience.  She said that she grew up Episcopalian but without firm direction.  She went to an Ivy League School where she succumbed to sexual temptations.  Undergoing an intellectual conversion, she refrained from premarital sex for a while.  She then fell back into serious sin and experienced what she calls “a baffling illness.”  She was saved from the dire situation by a charismatic healer named Grace.  The novelist assisted Grace’s mission activities until she became a Catholic.  The story is similar to what today’s gospel conveys.

The passage resembles what probably happened many times in the early Church as it does today.  Preachers who are not connected to apostolic churches minister in the name of Jesus.  The apostolic churches had to ask themselves if the upstarts should be tolerated.  This is the question that his disciples ask Jesus.  His answer is unequivocal: “’Do not prevent them.’”  They may not have all the seven sacraments or entirely correct teaching.  But they are still preforming works of genuine love.

It is sometimes difficult for Catholics to tolerate other Christian communities.  We see them as intellectually and liturgically wanting.  Moreover, sometimes they ridicule the Catholic Church with calumnies and misinformation.  But many of their adherents probably love Jesus as much as we.  The situation calls for forbearance.  Perhaps a dialogue with the other church may eliminate the undue criticism.  Common service projects and even mutual prayer services may change attitudes.  Even if they are against us at first, they may become working allies.



Tuesday, May 22, 2018


Tuesday of the Seventh Week in Ordinary Time

(James 4:1-10; Mark 9:30-37)

Once in a while at the end of mass someone speaks out, “St. Michael, defend in battle…”  The prayer dates back 142 years to the pontificate of Leo XIII.  At that time the papacy found itself at a loss vis-a-vis worldly powers.  St. Michael was called upon to defend the Holy See’s interests.  The tune of the prayer is similar to today’s first reading.

The author of the text understands his readers to be in conflict with themselves.  He sees their grace-enlightened minds struggling against their passions inclined to do evil.  Distrusting spontaneity, he exhorts them to soberly resist all temptations of pleasure.

Such outlooks on the world appeal to us who sometimes feel conflicted by natural desires.  However, the goods of the world should not be spurned completely.  Made for our use and enjoyment, they make us grateful to be alive.  But they are not to dominate our aspirations either.  We are made for something better - love that blossoms into eternal life.  We should interpret James as a warning about over-indulgence in material creation.  Even more we should be joyful and thankful for the gift of life.

Monday, May 21, 2018


Memorial of the Blessed Virgin Mary, Mother of the Church

(Acts 1:12-14; John 19:25-34)

Today for the first time throughout the world the Church celebrates Mary as Mother of the Church.  Pope Francis decreed the innovation in order to tie Christian life more closely to the cross and to Mary.  Today’s gospel eloquently illustrates this linkage.

The passage relates John’s version of Jesus’ death and of the formation of the first Christian community.  From the cross Jesus introduces his mother to his beloved disciple and his disciple to his mother.  He does not mean simply that his beloved disciple care for his mother.  Rather, he wants them to unite with his other disciples as a community of believers.  As the Church requires the Holy Spirit, the gospel specifies that Jesus “hand(s) over his spirit,” ostensibly to them.  Mother and son form one family, the children of God, whose task is to proclaim the Father’s love to the world.

We are called into that relationship.  With Mary teaching us, we learn how to reflect over the events of our lives as encounters with God.  With brother and sister Christians we give witness to Christ’s resurrection by our joy in humble service.

Friday, May 18, 2018


Friday of the Seventh Week of Easter

(Acts 25:13b-21; John 21:15-19)

A Marianist brother, like many people, loved to fish.  He used to say that a fisherman takes his watch off, puts his line in the water, and never worries about time.  The brother only confirmed other slogans about fishing such as, “A bad day fishing is better than a good day at the office.”  Understanding how much fisherman love their occupation helps us appreciate today’s gospel.

Jesus wants Peter to commit himself first and foremost to him.  He asks his disciple, “Do you love me more than these?”  The question is not meant to show that Peter loves Jesus more than the other disciples love him.  How could Peter claim that after denying Jesus publicly three times?  No, the question seeks to ascertain if Peter will work for Jesus or will return to fishing.  The pronoun “these” refers to the accoutrements of fishing – boat, nets, and lines.  When Peter answers Jesus unequivocally, “’Yes…,’” Jesus assigns him the task of leadership of the Church.

We should consider ourselves queried in the same way as Peter.  Do we love the Lord more than our own occupations or other  interests?  Jesus does not necessarily mean that we forego other pursuits.  However, he does want us to make him the first priority of our lives.  We are to love him more than our work, even more than our children and our very selves.  It is a tall order to commit to, and it may take a lifetime before we can comfortably respond, “Yes.”  But assent is required if we are to have the eternal life Jesus promises.

Thursday, May 17, 2018


Thursday of the Seventh Week of Easter

(Acts 22:30.23:6-11; John 17:20-26)

In today’s gospel Jesus tells his Father that he has made known His name to his disciples.  What is that name?  The answer is as evident as it is telling.  Jesus continually calls God “Father.”  He is making the same point as found in the parable of the “Prodigal Son.”  God is the loving father that seeks a change in his rebellious children’s hearts.  He wants to dress them in fine clothes -- the virtues – so that they stand out as exceptional people.  He intends to feed them a banquet -- the Eucharist – so that they have eternal life.

Jesus further says that he will continue to reveal his Father’s name.  He means that he will send the Holy Spirit to reveal the breadth and depth of the Father’s love.  The Spirit will uncover the meaning of the paschal mystery as giving his followers an eternal destiny.   It will also reveal the nature of reality and history so that their faith will be fortified.

We await the celebration of the Spirit’s coming this Sunday.  It will flood us with the peace and joy of knowing the Father’s love.  It will likewise move us to share that love with others.  After all God created humans to live together in harmony as His family.

Wednesday, May 16, 2018


Wednesday of the Seventh Week of Easter

(Acts 20:28-38; John 17:11b-19)

Passing a large Evangelical church, the deacon commented over its recent history.  He said that a few years ago after a disagreement with the pastor, a member formed his own church.  The two Christian churches were among several others in the village of no more than a thousand people.  

The proliferation of separate churches is a common phenomenon.  It is said that there are more than forty thousand Christian denominations world-wide.   This development betrays Jesus’ prayer for unity among his followers in today’s gospel. 

Jesus prays that his disciples may not be given to the ways of the world.  He wants them to avoid egotism which results in division.  In contrast, they are to practice humility which respects the authority established in his apostles.  As the first reading attests, church unity has proven to be a daunting challenge.  Since in its early days, the Church has contended with people who “pervert the truth” to gather their own followers.

Given this reality, it is remarkable that the Catholic Church encompasses a seventh of the world’s population.  It also maintains the faith of the apostles.  But these facts cannot be taken as reasons for complacency.  We must strive to control our rebellious tendencies.  We too may become so dissatisfied that we want to form another sect.  We also should work for reconciliation with other Christian communities.  This means understanding our Catholic system of thought so that we might share it with others.  It also involves prayer for unity and penance for past offenses.

Tuesday, May 15, 2018


Tuesday of the Seventh Week of Easter

(Acts 20:17-27; John 17:1-11a)

In Spanish there are different words for our two senses of knowing in English: saber and conocer.  Saber means to have knowledge of something.  Ella sabe quién es el presidente (she knows who is president).  Conocer is a more personal kind of knowledge.  Él conoce Chicago porque se crió allá (he knows Chicago because he grew up there).  Of course, conocer implies a relationship with another.  In today’s gospel Jesus says that eternal life consists in knowing personally (conociendo) God the Father and the Son.  If this does not excite us, perhaps we are unware of having had the experience.

Winston Churchill once said of his friend Franklin Roosevelt, “Meeting him was like opening a bottle of champagne, and knowing him was like drinking it.”  More should be said of knowing God the Father and the Son.  If Jesus’ parable of the “Prodigal Son” has currency, God is a little like the father of a boy’s best friend.  After a childhood squabble with the friend, his father came looking for the boy to take him to their school’s football game as he had always done.  Knowing Jesus is something like the comradery among soldiers fighting together in the trenches.  They would give their lives primarily for one another’s sake.

We know God the Father and God the Son in at least two ways.  First, we read the Scripture which is their story.  It tells mostly of their love for us.  Second, we pray to them.  They will not fail to help us in our need.

Monday, May 14, 2018


Feast of Saint Matthias, apostle

(Acts 1:15-17.20-26; John 15:9-17)

In the entire Bible Matthias is mentioned only in today’s passage from Acts.  The man himself evidently did not do anything of unique importance.  It is his office as an apostle that makes his selection a primary concern in the Christian community.

Most probably Jesus chose twelve apostles to give his movement continuity with Israel.  He recognized in the nation more than divine selection.  He saw it holding critical tenets of God’s self-revelation.  Israel knew, long before Jesus, that God loves unconditionally.  It also knew that God calls each human being to more perfectly reflect the divine image.  The role of Jesus’ apostles was to proclaim that God’s love and His promise is fulfilled in Jesus.  The community reiterates the continuity by maintaining a body of twelve primary witnesses to Jesus.  However, with the death of the original apostles, it did not see the need to name others.

The apostles handed on a system of belief which the Church still preserves.  For this reason in part the Church is recognized as apostolic.  The belief system unites our local church or diocese with all the others within the Roman Catholic Church.  It also unites, at least in the same faith, the Roman Church with Catholic and Orthodox Churches around the world. 

Friday, May 11, 2018


Friday of the Sixth Week of Easter

(Acts 18:9-18; John 16:20-23)

According to the Acts of the Apostles, Jesus said, “’It is more blessed to give than to receive’” (Acts 20:35). People who find themselves harassed by church donation seekers may take some comfort in knowing that this saying is not recorded in any of the four gospels.  Their relief may gain momentum when they read today’s gospel.  Jesus quite clearly states, “’Whatever you ask the Father in my name will be given to you.’”  In fact, a form of this promise is found in each of the four gospels!

But what does Jesus mean by it?  Perhaps all of us have prayed for something with faith and persistence that was not granted.  Recently a woman came to me sounding profoundly disillusioned.  She complained that she prayed for her mother to live, but the elder died.  Is Jesus then to be taken at his word?  Of course, he is.  An old African-American preacher once advised, “Until you have been knocking on the closed door for years with your knuckles bleeding, you do not know what prayer is.”  Persistence may not be a matter of days or even years.  It may require decades or even centuries.

Christians have been praying for two millennia that Jesus return soon without its full realization.  We see signs in the falling of the Iron Curtain, for example.  But we also recognize that all earthly progress is bound to fall short of God’s Kingdom.  Encouraged by the progress made and hopeful that it might grow, we continue to pray.  We take Jesus at his word because we have already received more than a fair share of blessing.  We pray always in his name confident that our Father in heaven will grant us all that is good.

Thursday, May 10, 2018


Thursday of the Sixth Week of Easter

(Acts 18:1-8; John 16:16-20)

Of all the innovations of the past fifty years none seems as incredible as walking on the moon.  It was the first contact ever of a human being with a celestial object.  Interestingly, after the Apollo program ended, humans have never landed again on a celestial body.  When Jesus refers to his resurrection in today’s gospel, he speaks of a more extraordinary occurrence.

Jesus keeps saying, “…in a little while.” In fact, the phrase is used seven times in the passage.  It refers to both his death and resurrection.  “In a little while,” he will be crucified.  Then in another “little while” he will rise from the dead.  His disciples cannot appreciate what he means because the concept of individual resurrection is utterly novel.  The Pharisees teach of a general resurrection.  But that one person would rise independently from the dead is as foreign an idea as a moonwalk was in the nineteenth century.

We too may have difficulty believing in the resurrection.  It is helpful to remember that Jesus’ was attested to by someone diametrically opposed to him.  St. Paul persecuted Christians until Christ encountered him on the road to Damascus.  The promise that Jesus’ resurrection gives of our own is essential.  It fixes our eyes on eternal happiness when they are readily sidetracked by banal interests.  Forty days after we first proclaimed Jesus’ rising this year, it is worth the effort to do so again.

Wednesday, May 9, 2018


Wednesday of the Sixth Week of Easter

(Acts 17:15.22-18.1; John 16:12-15)

A former seminarian no longer goes to church.  His wife gives his reason as no longer believing in the resurrection.  The man may be seeking an excuse to sleep late on Sunday, but he knows the critical issue of faith.  This is evidenced by reading Paul’s exhortations in the Acts of the Apostles.  In his sermon to Jews in Pisidia Paul preaches that Jesus’ resurrection fulfills the Scriptures (Acts 13:30-32).  In today’s reading he tells the Greeks that God raised Jesus from the dead as testimony of his coming to judge the world.  In both cases Paul did not accomplish very much.  In his First Letter to the Corinthians he indicates that he had to change his message.  He writes, “For Jews demand signs and Greeks look for wisdom, but we proclaim Christ crucified…” (I Cor 1:22-23a).

Paul never got very far in preaching to Jews, but Greeks came to embrace his message.  They did so because the world longs to hear of one who would sacrifice his life out of love for another.  Despite evidence of narcissism most people suspect that they are not really worth much.  They look for testimony that someone loves them.  This is the message of the cross.  As Paul writes elsewhere, “…God proves his love for us in that while we were still sinners Christ died for us” (Rom 5:8).

We need not worry how the resurrection can take place.  Everyday science reveals occurrences which never before were imagined, much less explained.  But we must act on our belief in the resurrection.  We should make some sacrifice of what we treasure for the good of others. 

Tuesday, May 8, 2018


Tuesday of the Sixth Week of Easter

(Acts 16:22-34; John 16:5-11)

Today’s first reading from Acts serves as testimony to its accompanying gospel passage.  In the gospel Jesus tells his disciples that the Spirit will come to assist them.  He says that it will prove the world wrong in its judgments about sin, righteousness, and condemnation.  Jesus’ reasoning is subtle, but the story of Paul and the jailer illustrates what he means.

Regarding sin the Roman world of Philippi saw Christians as worshipping a false God.  So when that God frees Paul and Silas from jail, Christians are vindicated.  In turn, the people who refuse to believe in Jesus are convicted of sin.  Then Paul’s intervention stopping the jailer from committing suicide demonstrates the righteousness s of Christians.  Meanwhile the cultural value that moves one to kill himself is shown to be wanting.  Finally, the Christian movement has made its start in Europe.  Not only the Jews who gathered at the river but pagans as well are turning to Jesus.  Satan has been condemned is on the run. 

It is true that Jesus’ triumph is not clearly evident these days if it ever was.  An increasing number of young and old say they have left the Church.  Morals seem to be deteriorating throughout the world.  But Christ is gaining ascendancy in many parts of Africa and Asia.  The world also recognizes Pope Francis as its moral guide.  There is no need to feel defeated.  Quite the contrary, we should double our efforts to show that Jesus is the way to happiness.

Monday, May 7, 2018


Monday of the Sixth Week of Easter

(Acts 16:11-15; John 15:26a-16:4)

In today’s reading from Acts, Paul crosses the Hellespont into Europe.  It is the beginning of a new frontier.  The gospel evidently arrived in Rome through others apostles. But Paul, like Christopher Columbus in America, is the one whom history records as taking the monumental step.

Paul does not begin preaching in the marketplace before non-believers.  Rather he goes on the Sabbath to a river clearing where local Jews habitually pray.  He obviously figures that they would be the ones most likely to give him a fair hearing.  His effort bears fruit.  A female proselyte to Judaism becomes his first convert.  It only can be speculated what draws her to Jesus.  Perhaps it is his message of love for neighbor who included even one’s enemies.  Maybe it is his courage to face opposition even to the point of death.  Or perhaps it is the promise of eternal life that his resurrection makes him.  It will never be known.

But we can examine our own motives for belief.  It would be disappointing to hear that we espouse Christianity only because our families do or because it connects us to important people or even because it gives some meaning to our lives.  Hopefully, we can say that Christ’s teachings draw us, his story engages inspires us, and his Holy Spirit has compelled our assent. Even more we believe because Christ promises eternal life and provides us the means to attain it.

Friday, May 4, 2018


Friday of the Fifth Week of Easter

(Acts 15:22-31; John 15:12-17)

Sr. Marie Chin was a Sister of Mercy from Jamaica.  She became famous as a speaker on the spirituality of mercy.  She told the story of how she discovered mercy with the help of a leper.  When she was in secondary school she accompanied a woman religious to a leper colony.  Knocking on the door of one of the huts, they heard a voice from inside say, “Come in.” Entering, she saw a something that repulsed here.  The leper, named Miss Lillian, had a completely deformed face.  She stretched out her arm, which was little more than a stump without fingers, to the youth.  “Go on,” Miss Lillian said, “put your hand in mine.”  Marie responded, “I can’t; I’m afraid.”  But the leper woman said, “Yes, you can.”  Marie did not know where the grace came to touch that rotten hand.  But all of sudden she found herself shaking hands with the leper. The story helps explain why Jesus has to command us to love one another.

As anyone over twenty should realize, love is often not easy.  For this reason Russian writer Fyodor Dostoyevsky called love in action “a harsh and dreadful thing.”  Love, after all, requires commitment and often suffering as well.  Most of us would never love everybody, and some of us might never love anybody without Jesus’ command.  Also necessary to accomplish the seemingly impossible feat of loving as he loved is his help. 

We ought not to worry if we do not feel affection for others.  That is not of the essence of love.  We should, however, treat everyone with respect.  Those for whom we feel a particular repulsion we can, at least, pray for.  We pray that they receive God’s grace to become better people and that will come to know his eternal love.

Thursday, May 3, 2018


Feast of Saints Philip and James, apostles

(I Corinthians 15:1-8; John 14:6-14)

Saul, the first king of Israel, was recognized for his good looks.  He is introduced in the Bible in this way: “There was no Israelite handsomer than Saul; he stood head and shoulders above the people” (I Sam 9:2b).  One commentator says that his demeanor was what most recommended him to be king.  In contrast, nothing is said in Scripture of how Jesus looked.  Nothing.  Yet he tells Philip in today’s gospel that anyone who sees him, sees God the Father.

Philip is asking for a theophany.  He wants an experience of God like Moses had at the burning bush.  He expects to see something that would be called “awesome” today.  Jesus corrects his largely mistaken notion that the experience of God is always earth-shaking.  When he identifies seeing the Father with seeing himself, he has his self-sacrificing love in mind.  Jesus preaches, teaches, and most of all lives this love.  That is what his Father, as well, is all about.

Philip is no slower learner than we are.  We too often look for a revelation of God in fantastic ways.  The truth is that God reveals Himself to us daily.  He appears every time someone goes out of her way to help another.  When we perform such acts, we become His angels.

Wednesday, May 2, 2018


Wednesday of the Fifth Week of Easter 

(Acts 15:1-6; John 15:1-8)

Today the Church celebrates St. Athanasius.  A fourth century bishop, he made a brilliant insight to overcame a theological crisis.  The burning question at the time was Christ’s divinity.  Was he “really God” or just “like God?” A priest named Arius with his many followers took the latter position.  They believed the preponderance of evidence in Scripture favored a weak Christology.  Athanasius reasoned to the contrary.  He taught that accepting Christ as truly God corresponded to the deepest New Testament intuition.  The crisis was resolved at the Council of Nicea in accord with Athanasius’ insight. Christ, the council taught, has the same divine nature as the Father and the Spirit. Today’s first reading tells of a similar crossroads in Church history.

Could only Jews who professed Jesus be saved?  Or did Jesus’ death and resurrection save non-Jews as well? The question was theoretical in the earliest days of the Church when all believers were also Jews.  As non-Jews heard about Jesus, however, it turned into a crisis.  Did they have to submit to circumcision to be considered part of Jesus’ vine?  Requiring it would have severely dampened missionary efforts.  In the passage the issue is brought to the apostles and presbyters of Jerusalem for resolution.  They will decide that faith in Christ satisfies as the basis of salvation.

We should note how the Church has from the beginning deliberated issues in council.  Not even Scripture has answers to all theological and moral questions.  Rather successful outcomes require dialogue and trust in the Spirit’s presence to Church leaders.