Memorial of St. Augustine, bishop and doctor of the Church
(I Thessalonians 2:9-13; Matthew 23:27-32)
It has been proposed that the three most important persons in early Christianity are Jesus, Paul, and Augustine. Some might wonder why this short list would have to mention Jesus and why it does not include the Blessed Mother or St. Peter. But the proposition concerns the formation of a great religion. Jesus started it all. Paul propelled it forward with his work among non-Jews. And Augustine gave Christianity, in the West at least, a solid theoretical basis.
There are many comparisons to be made between Paul and Augustine beyond enshrinement in Christianity’s hall of fame. Both experienced famous conversions. Paul, of course, was persecuting Christianity when the Lord turned his life upside down on the road to
Augustine’s conversion, on the other hand, was subtle and gradual. He had leaned for a long time toward a
heretical Christian sect. Also, a
promiscuous relationship hindered him from pursuing where his intellect was
leading him. Finally, however, he could
not deny God’s calling from within and was baptized by St. Ambrose of Damascus . Another comparison is that both Paul and
Augustine worked tirelessly for Christ after their conversions. Paul suffered from the wiles of men as well
as from the elements of nature to bring the gospel at least as far as
Rome. In today’s reading he hints at how
he worked all day for his upkeep and preached all night for the salvation of
souls. Augustine’s enormous output of
books and sermons eloquently testifies to his exhaustive work. Milan
Perhaps most importantly both Paul and Augustine can be considered together for their work developing the concept of grace. Paul understood that we humans were doomed to sin when God sent His son to save us. Augustine made it clear that salvation is not a little bit God’s offer and a little bit our response. No, Augustine taught, even the inspiration to respond to God’s offer is a movement of divine grace within us.